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Membrane Technology Department

Institute of Functional Interfaces (IFG)

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

KIT Campus North

Building 352

Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1

76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen

Germany

 

Contact

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andrea Iris Schäfer

Head of Membrane Technology Department

andrea iris schaeferBve8∂kit edu

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REFEREED JOURNAL PAPERS

[J123] Imbrogno, A.; Schäfer, A.I. (2019) Comparative study of NF membrane characterization devices of different scale dimension and configuration (cross-flow and dead-end), Journal of Membrane Science, 585, 67-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2019.04.035

 

[J122]      Shen, J. ; Jeihanipour, A. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2019) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: experimental investigation of system performance with variable module size and fluctuating energy, Separation and Purification Technology, 221, 64-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2019.03.004

 

[J121]    Onorato, C. ; Gaedtke, M. ; Kespe, M. ; Nirschl, H. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2019) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: computational fluid dynamics evaluation of system performance with variable module size and fluctuating energy, Separation and Purification Technology, 220, 206-216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2019.02.041

 

[J120]   Owusu-Agyeman, I. ; Reinwald, M. ; Jeihanipour, A. ; Schäfer, A.I.  (2019) Removal of fluoride and natural organic matter from natural tropical brackish waters by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis with varying water chemistry, Chemosphere, 217, 47-58. Doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.10.135

 

[J119]   Schäfer, A.I. ; Shen, J. ; Richards, B.S. (2018) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Removal of natural organic matter and fluoride in Tanzanian communities, npj Nature Clean Water, 24, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41545-018-0026-6 

 

[J118]   Jeihanipour, A. ; Shen, J. ; Abbt-Braun, G. ;  Huber, S. ; Mkongo, G. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2018) Seasonal variation of organic matter characteristics and fluoride concentration in the Maji ya Chai River (Tanzania): Impact on treatability by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Science of the Total Environment, 637–638, 1209–1220. Doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.113

 

[J117]   Tagliavini, M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2018) Removal of steroid micropollutants by polymer-based spherical activated carbon (PBSAC) assisted membrane filtration, J Hazardous Materials, 353, 514-521. Doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.03.032

 

[J116]   Schäfer, A.I. ; Stelzl, K. ;  Faghih, M.; Gupta, S.S. ; Ramankutty, K.; Heißler, S. ; Pradeep, T. (2018) Poly(ether sulfone) nanofibers impregnated with β-cyclodextrin for increased micropollutant removal from water, ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 6 (3), 2942–2953. Doi.org/10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02214

 

[J115]   Imbrogno, A.; Tiraferri, A. ;  Abbenante, S. ; Weyand, S. ; Schwaiger, R. ; Luxbacher, T. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2018) Organic fouling control through magnetic ion exchangenanofiltration (MIEXNF) in water treatment, Journal of Membrane Science, 549, 474-485. Doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2017.12.041

 

[J114]   Owusu-Agyeman, I. ; Shen, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2018) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Impact of pH and ionic strength on fluoride and natural organic matter removal, Science of the Total Environment, 621, 138-147. Doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.111

 

[J113]   Onorato, C. ; Banasiak, L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2017) Inorganic trace contaminant removal from real brackish groundwater using electrodialysis, Separation and Purification Technology, 187, 426-435. Doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2017.06.016

 

[J112]   Tagliavini, M. ; Engel, F. ; Weidler, P. ; Scherer T. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2017) Adsorption steroid micropollutants on by polymer-based spherical activated carbon (PBSAC), J Hazardous Materials, 337, 126-137. Doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.03.036

 

[J111]   Richards, B.S. ; Shen, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2017) Water energy nexus perspectives in the context of photovoltaic-powered decentralized water treatment systems, Energy Technology, 5, 1112 – 1123. Doi.org/10.1002/ente.201600728.

 

[J110]   Owusu-Agyeman, I. ; Jeihanipour, A. ; Luxbacher, T. ; Schäfer, A.I.  (2017) Implications of humic acid, inorganic carbon and speciation on fluoride retention mechanisms in nanofiltration and reverse osmosis, Journal of Membrane Science, 528, 82-94. Doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2016.12.043

 

[J109]   Imbrogno, A. ; Biscarat, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2017) Estradiol uptake in a combined magnetic ion exchange - ultrafiltration (MIEX-UF) process during water treatment, Special Issue ‘Membranes technologies for pharmaceutical applications’, Current Pharmaceutical Design, 23, 2, 328-337. https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612822666161021142412 

 

[J108]   Aschermann, G. ; Jeihanipour, A. ; Shen, J. ; Mkongo, G. ; Dramas, L. ; Croué, J.-P. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2016) Seasonal variation of organic matter concentration and characteristics in the Maji ya Chai River (Tanzania): Impact on treatability by ultrafiltration, Water Research, 101, 370-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2016.05.022  

 

[J107]   Shen, J. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2016) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Case study of St. Dorcas borehole in Tanzania demonstrating fluoride removal via nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Separation & Purification Technology, 170, 445-452. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2016.06.042

 

[J106]   Bridle, H.L. ; Heringa, M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2016) Solid phase microextraction to determine micropollutant- macromolecule partition coefficients, Nature Protocols, 11, 8, 1328-1344. https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2016.068 

 

[J105]   Richards, B.S. ; Früh, W.G. ; Capão, D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; (2015) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Impact of solar irradiance fluctuations on performance of a brackish water reverse osmosis system, Separation & Purification Technology, 156, 379–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2015.10.025

 

[J104]   Shen, J. ; Mkongo, G. ; Abbt-Braun, G. ; Silvia L. Ceppi, S.L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2015) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Fluoride removal in a rural community in northern Tanzania, Separation & Purification Technology, 149, 349–361. doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2015.05.027

 

[J103]   Shen, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2015) Factors affecting fluoride and natural organic matter (NOM) removal from natural waters in Tanzania by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Science of the Total Environment, 527–528, 520–529. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.037

 

[J102]   Osei, J. ; Gawu, S.K.Y. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Atipoka, F. ; Momade, F.W.Y. (2015) Impact of laterite characteristics on fluoride removal from water, Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, 91, 911–920. https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.4656  

 

[J101]   Shen, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2014) Removal of fluoride and uranium by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis: A review, Chemosphere, 117, 679–691. doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.09.090

 

[J100]   Schäfer, A.I. ; Hughes, G. ; Richards, B.S. (2014) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: A Leapfrog Approach to Rural Water Supply Technologies in Developing Countries? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 40, 542–556. doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.164  

 

[J99]     Richards, B.S. ; Park, G. ; Pietzsch, T. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2014) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: Safe Operating Window of a Brackish Water Desalination System, Journal of Membrane Science, 468, 400–409. doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2014.05.053

 

[J98]     Richards, B.S. ; Park, G. ; Pietzsch ; Schäfer, A.I. (2014) Renewable Energy Powered Membrane Technology: Brackish Water Desalination System operated using Real Wind Fluctuations and Energy Buffering, Journal of Membrane Science, 468, 224–232. doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2014.05.054

 

[J97]     Mouhoumed, E. Idil ; Szymczyk, A. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Paugam, L. ; La, Y.H. (2014) Physico-chemical characterization of polyamide NF / RO membranes: insight from streaming current measurements, Journal of Membrane Science, 461, 130–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2014.03.025

 

[J96]     Malek, P. ; Ortiz, J.M. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2013) Electrodialytic removal of NaCl from water: Impacts of using pulsed electric potential on ion transport and water dissociation phenomena, Journal of Membrane Science, 435, 99–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.01.060

 

[J95]     Richards, L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Corry, B. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2013) Experimental energy barriers to anions transporting through nanofiltration membranes, Environmental Science & Technology, 47(4), 1968-1976. https://doi.org/10.1021/es303925r

and Richards, L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Corry, B. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2013) Environmental Science & Technology, 47 (15), pp 8987–8988

 

[J94]     Park, G. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. (2013) Renewable energy-powered membrane technology: Supercapacitors for buffering resource fluctuations in a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination, Renewable Energy, 50, 126-135, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2012.05.026

 

[J93]     Semião, A.J. ;  Fourcher M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2012) Estrogenic micropollutant removal by nanofiltration membranes. Part B Model development, Journal of Membrane Science, 431, 257–266. doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.11.079

 

[J92]     Semião, A.J. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2012) Estrogenic micropollutant removal by nanofiltration membranes. Part A Experimental evidence, Journal of Membrane Science, 431, 244–256. doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2012.11.080

 

[J91]     Shen, J. ; Yang, X. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2012) Quantification of hormone-humic acid interactions in nanofiltration, Environmental Science & Technology, 46, 19, 10597-604. https://doi.org/10.1021/es301843s

 

[J90]     Richards, L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. ; Corry, B. (2012) Quantifying barriers to monovalent anion transport in narrow     non-polar pores, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14 (33), 11633 – 11638. https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP41641G

 

[J89]     Neale, P.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2012) Quantification of solute–solute interactions in steroidal hormone removal by ultrafiltration membranes, Separation and Purification Technology, 90, 31–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.02.011

 

[J88]     Richards, L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. ; Corry, B. (2012) The importance of dehydration in determining ion transport in narrow pores, SMALL, 8 (11) 1701-1709. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.201102056

 

[J87]     Park, G.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. (2012) The effect of intermittent operation on a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination, Water Science & Technology, 65, 5, 867-874 https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.912

 

[J86]     Richards, L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Renewable energy powered membrane systems: Inorganic contaminant removal from Australian groundwaters, Membrane Water Treatment, 2 (4) 239-250 https://doi.org/10.1021/es061166o .

 

[J85]     Semião, A.J.C. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Estrogenic micropollutant adsorption dynamics onto nanofiltration membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, 381 (1-2) 132-141. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2011.07.03

 

[J84]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Semião, A. ; Akanyeti, I. (2011) Micropollutant sorption to membrane polymers: a review of mechanisms for estrogens., Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, ‘Membrane Separation and Colloid Science’ invited special issue paper , 164, 100–117. doi:10.1016/j.cis.2010.09.006

 

[J83]     Park, G.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. (2011) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: The effect of wind speed fluctuations on the performance of a wind-powered membrane system for brackish water desalination, Journal of Membrane Science, 370, 34–44. doi:org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.12.003

 

[J82]     Richards, L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Renewable energy powered membrane technology: Effect of contaminant speciation on retention and membrane deposition, Journal of Membrane Science, 369, 188-195. doi:org/10.1016/j.memsci.2010.11.69

 

[J81]     Al-Rifai, J. ; Khabbaz, H. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Removal of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in water recycling process using reverse osmosis systems, Separation and Purification Technology, 77, 60–67. doi:org/10.1016/j.seppur.2010.11.020

 

[J80]     Banasiak, L. ; van der Bruggen, B. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Sorption of pesticide endosulfan by electrodialysis membranes, Chemical Engineering Journal. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2010.10.066

 

[J79]     Banasiak, L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Sorption of steroidal hormones by electrodialysis membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, 365, 198–205. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2010.09.010

 

[J78]     Richards, L. ; Vuarchère, M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Impact of pH on the removal of fluoride, nitrate and boron by nanofiltration/reverse osmosis, Desalination, Sidney Loeb Special Issue, Invited Paper, 261, 331–337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.06.025

 

[J77]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Nghiem, D.L. ; Meier, A. ; Neale, P.A. (2010) Impact of organic matrix compounds on the retention of steroid hormones in loose nanofiltration, Journal of Separation and Purification Technology, 73, 2, 179-187. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2010.03.023

 

[J76]     Rossiter, H.M.A. ; Owusu, P.A. ; Awuah, E. ; Macdonald, A. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Chemical drinking water quality in Ghana: Water costs and scope for advanced treatment, Science of the Total Environment, 408, 2378–2386. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.01.053

 

[J75]     Rossiter, H. ; Graham, M. J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Impact of speciation on behaviour of uranium in a solar powered membrane system for treatment of brackish groundwater, Journal of Separation and Purification Technology, 71, 89–96. doi:10.1016/j.seppur.2009.11.006

 

[J74]     Semião, A. ; Rossiter, H.M.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Impact of organic matter and pH on the removal of uranium by submerged ultrafiltration, Journal of Membrane Science, 348, 1-2, 174–180. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.10.056

 

[J73]     De Munari, A. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Impact of speciation on removal of manganese and organic matter using nanofiltration, Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology - AQUA, ‘Membranes in Drinking Water Treatment’, invited special issue paper, 59, 2–3, 152-163. doi:10.2166/aqua.2010.067

 

[J72]     Neale, P. ; Mastrup, M. ; Borgman, T. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2010) Sorption of micropollutant estrone to a water treatment ion exchange resin, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, Invited Special Issue Paper ‘Water’, 12, 311–317. doi:10.1039/b913338k

 

[J71]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Rossiter, H.M.A. ; Owusu, P.A. ; Richards, B.S. ; Awuah, E. (2009) Physico-Chemical water quality in Ghana: prospects for water supply technology implementation, Desalination, 248, 193-203. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.055

 

[J70]     Banasiak, J.L. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Removal of inorganic trace contaminants by electrodialysis in a remote Australian community, Desalination, 248, 48-57. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.037

 

[J69]     Park, G.L. ; Richards, B.S. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Potential Potential of wind-powered renewable energy membrane systems for Ghana, Desalination, 248, 169–176. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.053

 

[J68]     De Munari, A. Capão, D.P.S. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Application of Solar-Powered Desalination in a Remote Town in South Australia, Desalination, 248, 72–82. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.040

 

[J67]     Banasiak, L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) The removal of boron, fluoride and nitrate in electrodialysis in the presence of bulk organic matter, Journal of Membrane Science, 334(1), 101-109. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2009.02.020

 

[J66]     Neale, P.A. ; Pronk, W. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Influence of pH on losses of analyte estradiol in sample prefiltration, Environmental Engineering Science, 26(6), 1157-1161. doi:10.1089/ees.2008.0291

 

[J65]     Jerman, D. ; Pronk, W. ; Boller, M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) The role of NOM fouling on the retention of estradiol and ibuprofen during UF for drinking water production, Journal of Membrane Science, 329, 75-84. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2008.12.016

 

[J64]     Neale, P.A. ; Escher, B.I. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) pH dependence of steroid hormone–organic matter interactions at environmental concentrations, Science of the Total Environment, 407, 1164-1173. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.035

 

[J63]     Dolničar, S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Desalinated versus recycled water: Public perceptions and profiles of the accepters, Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 888–900. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.02.003

 

[J62]     Neale, P.A. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Magnetic ion exchange: Is there potential for international development?, Desalination, 248, 160–168. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.052

 

[J61]     Richards, L.A. ; Richards, B.S. ; Rossiter, H.M.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2009) Impact of speciation on fluoride, arsenic and magnesium retention in nanofiltration/reverse osmosis in remote Australian communities, Desalination, 248, 177–183. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.054

 

[J60]     Richards, B.S. ; Capão, D. ; Schäfer, A.I.  (2008) Renewable energy powered membrane technology 2. The effect of energy fluctuations on performance of a photovoltaic hybrid membrane system, Environmental Science & Technology, 42(12); 4563-4569. doi:10.1021/es703157n

 

[J59]     Neale, P.A. ; Escher, B.I. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2008) Quantification of solute – solute interactions using negligible - depletion solid phase microextraction: Measuring the affinity of estradiol for bulk organic matter, Environmental Science & Technology, 42(8); 2886-2892. doi:10.1021/es0717313

 

[J58]     De Koning, J. ; Bixio, D. ; Karabelas, A. ; Salgot, M. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2008) Characterisation and assessment of water treatment technologies for reuse, Desalination, 218, 1-3, 92-104. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2006.08.024.

 

[J57]     Huertas, E. ; Salgot, M. ; Hollender, J. ; Weber, S. ; Dott, W. ; Khan, S. ; Schäfer, A. ; Messalem, R. ; Bis, B. ; Aharoni, A. ; Chikurel, H. (2008) Key objectives for water reuse concepts, Desalination, 218, 1-3, 120-131. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2006.09.032.

 

[J56]     Al-Rifai, J. ; Gabelish, C.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2007) Occurrence of pharmaceutically active and non-steroidal estrogenic compounds in three different wastewater recycling schemes in Australia, Chemosphere, 69, 803-815. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.04.069

 

[J55]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Broeckmann, A. ; Richards, B.S. (2007) Renewable energy powered membrane technology. 1. Development and characterisation of a photovoltaic hybrid membrane system, Environmental Science & Technology, 41, 998-1003. doi:10.1021/es061166o

 

[J54]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. (2007) From concept to commercialization: Involving students in a sustainable engineering innovation project, European Journal of Engineering Education, 32, 2, 143-165. doi:10.1080/03043790601118689

 

[J53]     Werner, M. ; Schäfer, A. I. (2007) Social aspects of a solar-powered desalination unit for remote Australian communities, Desalination, 203, 375-393. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2006.05.008

 

[J52]     Banasiak, J.L. ; Kruttschnitt, T.W. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2007) Desalination using electrodialysis as a function of voltage and salt concentration, Desalination, 205, 38-46. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.038

 

[J51]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Elimelech, M. (2006) Role of electrostatic interactions in the retention of pharmaceutically active contaminants by a loose nanofiltration membrane, Journal of Membrane Science, 286, 1-2, 52-59. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2006.09.011

 

[J50]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Nghiem, D.L. ; Oschmann, N. (2006) Bisphenol A retention in the direct ultrafiltration of greywater, Journal of Membrane Science, 283, 233–243. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2006.06.035

 

[J49]     Schäfer, A.I. (2006) A new Approach to increasing diversity in engineering at the example of women in engineering, European Journal of Engineering Education, 31, 6, 1-11. doi:10.1080/03043790600911738

 

[J48]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2006) Fouling autopsy of hollow-fibre MF membranes in wastewater reclamation, Desalination, 188, 113-121. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.108

 

[J47]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Beder, S. (2006) Relevance of the precautionary principle in water recycling, Desalination, 187, 241-252. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.083

 

[J46]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2006) Critical risk points of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis processes in water recycling applications, Desalination, 187, 303-312. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.089

 

[J45]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Oschmann, N. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2006) Fouling in greywater recycling by direct ultrafiltration, Desalination, 187, 283-190. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.087

 

[J44]     Bixio, D. ; De Heyder, B. ; Joksimovic, D. ; Chikurel, H. ; Aharoni, A. ; Miska, V. ; Muston, M. Schäfer, A. ; Thoeye, C. (2005) Municipal wastewater reclamation: where do we stand? An overview of treatment technology and management practice, Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 5, 1,

77-85. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2005.0010

 

[J43]     Mastrup, M. ;  Schäfer, A. I. ;  Khan, S. (2005) Predicting fate of the contraceptive pill in wastewater treatment and discharge, Water Science & Technology, 52, 8, 279-286.

 

[J42]     Braga, O. ; Smythe, G.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Feitz, A.J. (2005) Steroid estrogens in primary and tertiary wastewater treatment plants, Water Science & Technology, 52, 8, 273-278.

 

[J41]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Elimelech, M. (2005) Pharmaceutical retention mechanisms by nanofiltration membranes, Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 7698-7755. doi:10.1021/es0507665ERA: 1842/4131

 

[J40]     Khan, S. ; Wintgens, T. ; Sherman, P. ; Zaricky, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2005) A performance comparison of individual and combined treatment modules for water recycling, Environmental Progress, 24, 4, 383-391. doi:10.1002/ep.10108

 

[J39]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Elimelech, M. (2005) Nanofiltration of hormone mimicking trace organic contaminants, Separation Science & Technology, 40, 2633-2649. doi:10.1080/01496390500283340

 

[J38]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Richards, B.S. (2005) Testing of a hybrid membrane system for groundwater desalination in an Australian national park, Desalination, 183, 55-62. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.05.007

 

[J37]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Broeckmann, A. ; Richards, B.S. (2005) Membranes and renewable energy — A new era of sustainable development for developing countries, Membrane Technology, Nov, 6-10. (invited feature article)  doi:10.1016/S0958-2118(05)70569-3

 

[J36]     Braga, O. ; Smythe, G.A. ; Schäfer, A.I.  ; Feitz, A.J. (2005) Steroid estrogens in ocean sediments, Chemosphere, 61, 827-833. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.04.053

 

[J35]     Braga, O. ; Smythe, G.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Feitz, A.J. (2005) Fate of steroid estrogens in Australian inland and coastal wastewater treatment plants, Environmental Science & Technology, 39, 3351-3358. PLUS CORRECTION: Environmental Science & Technology 39 (18): 7344-7344. doi:10.1021/es0501767

 

[J34]     Wintgens, T. ; Melin, T. ; Schäfer, A. I. ; Muston, M. ; Bixio, D. ; Thoeye, C. (2005) The role of membrane processes in municipal wastewater reclamation and reuse, Desalination, 178, 1-11. No 3 in Desalination Hottest Articles Oct-Dec 2005 doi:10.1016/j.desal.2004.12.014

 

[J33]     Oschmann, N. ; Nghiem, L.D. ; Schäfer, A. I. (2005) Fouling mechanisms of submerged ultrafiltration membranes in greywater recycling, Desalination, 179, 225-233. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2004.12.023

 

[J32]     Masson, L. ; Richards, B.S. ; Schäfer, A. I. (2005) System design and performance testing of a hybrid membrane-photovoltaic desalination system, Desalination, 179, 61-69. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2004.12.022

 

[J31]     Broeckmann, A. ; Wintgens, T. ; Schäfer, A. I. (2005) Removal and fouling mechanisms in nanofiltration of polysaccharide solutions, Desalination, 178, 149-159. doi:10.1016/j.desal.2004.12.017

 

[J30]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Remy, C. ; Richards, B.S. (2004) Performance of a small solar-powered hybrid membrane system for remote communities under varying feedwater salinities, Water Science & Technology: Water Supply, 4, 5-6, 233-243. http://hdl.handle.net/1842/4320

 

[J29]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Pihlajamäki, A. ;  Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. ; Nyström, M. (2004) Natural organic matter removal by nanofiltration: effects of solution chemistry on retention of low molar mass acids versus bulk organic matter, Journal of Membrane Science, 242, 1-2, 73-85. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2004.05.018

 

[J28]     Khan, S. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Sherman, P. (2004) Impediments to municipal water recycling in Australia, Water, March 2004, 114-124. http://hdl.handle.net/1842/4312

 

[J27]     Nghiem, L.D. ; McCutcheon, J. ; Schäfer, A.I.  ; Elimelech, M. (2004) The role of endocrine disrupters in water recycling – risk or mania?, Water Science & Technology, 50, 2, 215-220.

 

[J26]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Elimelech, M. (2004) Removal of natural hormones by nanofiltration membranes: measurement, modeling, and mechanisms, Environmental Science & Technology, 38, 1888-1896. doi:10.1021/es034952r

 

[J25]     Nghiem, L.D. ; Manis,  A. ; Soldenhoff, K. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2004) Wastewater treatment for estrogenic hormone removal using NF/RO membranes, Journal of Membrane Science, 242, 1-2, 37-45. doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2003.12.034

 

[J24]     Khan, S.J. ; Wintgens, T. ; Sherman,  P. ; Zaricky,  J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2004) Removal of hormones and pharmaceuticals in the advanced water recycling demonstration plant in Queensland, Australia, Water Science & Technology, 50, 5, 15-22.

 

[J23]     Chang, S. ; Waite, T.D. ; Ong, P.E.A. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. (2004) Assessment of trace estrogenic contaminants removal by coagulant addition, powdered activated carbon adsorption and powdered activated carbon/microfiltration processes, ASCE Journal of Environmental Engineering, 130, 7, 736-742. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9372(2004)130:7(736)

 

[J22]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Waite, T.D. (2003) Membrane filtration in water recycling: removal of natural hormones, Water Science & Technology: Water Supply 3, 3, 155-160. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2003.0021

 

[J21]     Chang, S. ; Waite, T.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. (2003) Adsorption of the endocrine-active compound estrone on microfiltration hollow fiber membranes, Environmental Science & Technology 37, 14, 3158-3163. doi:10.1021/es0261574

 

[J20]     Richards, B.S. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2003) Photovoltaic-powered desalination system for remote Australian communities, Renewable Energy 28, 2013–2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(03)00081-8

 

[J19]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Nghiem, L.D. ; Waite, T.D. (2003) Removal of natural hormone estrone from aqueous solutions using nanofiltration and reverse osmosis, Environmental Science & Technology 37, 182-188. doi:10.1021/es0102336

 

[J18]     Nghiem, L.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2002) Adsorption and transport of trace contaminant estrone in NF/RO membranes, Environmental Engineering Science (invited special issue paper) 19, 6, 441-451. doi:10.1089/109287502320963427

 

[J17]     Nghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Waite, T.D. (2002) Adsorption of estrone on nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes in water and wastewater treatment, Water Science & Technology 46, 4-5, 265–272. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2002.0602

 

[J16]     Chang, S. ; Waite, T.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. (2002) Binding of estrone to microfiltration hollow fibre membranes in filtration of solutions containing trace estrone, Water Science and Technology: Water Supply Vol 2 No 5-6 233-239. https://doi.org/10.2166/ws.2002.0174

 

[J15]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Mauch, R. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2002) Charge effects in the fractionation of natural organics using ultrafiltration, Environmental Science & Technology 36, 2572-2580. doi:10.1021/es0016708

 

[J14]     Chang, S. ; Waite, T.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. (2002) Adsorption of trace steroid estrogens to hydrophobic hollow fibre membranes, Desalination 146, 381-386. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00517-9

 

[J13]     Nghiem, L.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Waite, T.D. (2002) Adsorptive interactions between membranes and trace contaminants, Desalination 147, 1-3, 269-274. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00550-7

 

[J12]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Mastrup, M. ; Lund-Jensen R. (2002) Particle interactions and removal of trace contaminants from water and wastewaters, Desalination 147, 243-250. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00544-1

 

[J11]     Richards, B.S. ;  Schäfer, A.I. (2002) Design considerations for a solar-powered desalination system for remote communities in Australia, Desalination 144, 193-199. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(02)00311-9

 

[J10]     Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2001) Cost factors and chemical pretreatment effects in the membrane filtration of waters containing natural organic matter, Water Research 35, 6, 1509-1517. doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00418-8

 

[J9]       Aoustin, E. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2001) Ultrafiltration of natural organic matter, Separation and Purification Technology, 22-23, 63-78. doi:10.1016/S1383-5866(00)00143-X

 

[J8]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2001) Direct coagulation pretreatment in nanofiltration of waters rich in organic matter and calcium, Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 1, 4, 25-33.

 

[J7]       van Voorthuizen, E.M. ; Ashbolt, N.J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2001) Role of hyrophobic and electrostatic Interactions for initial enteric virus retention by MF membranes, Journal of Membrane Science 194, 69-79. doi:10.1016/S0376-7388(01)00522-1

 

[J6]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Schwicker, U. ; Fischer, M.M. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2000) Microfiltration of colloids and natural organic matter, Journal of Membrane Science 171, 2, 151-172. doi:10.1016/S0376-7388(99)00286-0

 

[J5]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (2000) Fouling effects on rejection in the membrane filtration of natural waters, Desalination (2000) 131, 1-3, 215-224. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(00)90020-1

 

[J4]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (1999) Nanofiltration natural organic matter: Removal, fouling and the influence of multivalent ions, Water Supply (1999) 17, 1, 191-204. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0011-9164(98)00104-0

 

[J3]       Waite, T.D. ; Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Heuer, A. (1999) Colloidal fouling of ultrafiltration membranes: Impact of aggregate structure and size, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science (1999) 212, 264-274. doi:10.1006/jcis.1998.6040

 

[J2]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Fane, A.G. ; Waite, T.D. (1998) Nanofiltration of natural organic matter: Removal, fouling and the influence of multivalent ions, Desalination 118, 109-122. doi:10.1016/S0011-9164(98)00104-0

 

[J1]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Hossain, Md. M. (1996) Application of liquid membrane processes for separation and production of organic acids from fruit juice, Food Australia 48 (2), Feb 1996, 75-78.

 

[J0]       Schäfer, A.I. ; Hossain, Md. M. (1996) Extraction of organic acids from kiwifruit juice using a supported liquid membrane process, Bioprocess Engineering 16, 25-33. doi:10.1007/s004490050283

 

NON-REFEREED JOURNAL PAPERS, COMMUNICATIONS & EDITORIALS

[N8]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Duncan, D. ; Ponton, G. ; Bower, M. ; Jensen, H. ; Bishop, K. ; Bernard, I. ; Thomas, K. ; Hughes, G. (2012) UK Innovation Potential in Advanced Water Treatment: Future Directions & Strategy, 2nd Participatory Workshop Report, 6 December 2011, Edinburgh Research Archive, http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/5807, February 2012.

 

[N7]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Walker, M. ; Bower, M. ; Ponton, G. (2011) UK Innovation Potential in Advanced Water Treatment: Future Directions & Strategy, Participatory Workshop Report, 30June, Edinburgh Research Archive, http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/5012, July 2011.

 

[N6]      Schäfer, A.I. (2011) Innovation in the Water Industry: Challenges and Opportunities from the Water Engineering Perspective, Edinburgh Research Archive, http://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/5011, July 2011.

 

[N5]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Semião, A.J.C. ; De Munari, A. (2010) Membranes in Water Treatment: Current Issues & Opportunities, Water and Sewerage, Invited Feature, Issue 3, 15-17.

 

[N4]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Francis, J. ; Richards, B.S. ; Awuah, E. ; Yanful, E. (2010) Editorial: Water and Sanitation in International Development and Disaster Relief: Summary from the Organising Committee, Desalination, 251, vii–xvi.

 

[N3]      Dolničar, S. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2007) Australians raise health, environment and cost concerns, Desalination & Water Reuse, Feb/Mar, Vol 16, No 4, 10-15.

 

[N2]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Khan, S. ; Muston, M., (2006) Editorial: Integrated Concepts in Water Recycling 2005 Conference: Summary from the Organising Committee, Desalination 187, ix – iv.

 

[N1]      Schäfer, A.I. ; Khan, S. ; Wintgens, T. ; Melin, T. (2004) OzAquarec: An international project for reuse, Water, Aug, 42-44.